Immunization Program Department of Public Health
 
 
Flu Facts

What is the Flu?

Influenza, more commonly known as “the flu,” is a highly contagious infection of the nose, throat and lungs.  It is spread from person to person through coughing and sneezing and effects all ages with moderate to serious illness.  Each year more than 200,000 Americans are hospitalized and approximately 36,000 die from influenza-related complications.

 

What are the symptoms of flu?

People who have the flu often feel some or all of these symptoms:

· Fever or feeling feverish/chills

· Cough

· Sore throat

· Runny or stuffy nose

· Muscle or body aches

· Headaches

· Fatigue (very tired)

· Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults

 

How can I protect myself from the flu?

The single best way to prevent the flu is to get a flu shot each season. 
Note: According to CDC's Advisory Committee pm Immunization Practices (ACIP) today voted that live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), also known as the "nasal spray" flu vaccine, should not be used during the 2016-2017 flu season. ACIP continues to recommend annual flu vaccination, with either the inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) or recombinant influenza vaccine (RIV), for everyone 6 months and older. 

 

Who should get the flu shot?

EVERYONE OVER THE AGE OF 6 MONTHS SHOULD GET THE FLU SHOT, but it is especially important for:

· Pregnant women

· Children younger than 5 years of age

· People 50 years of age and older

· People of any age with chronic medical conditions

· People who live in nursing homes and other long-term facilities

· Health care workers, household contacts and home caregivers for high risk individuals

 

When to get the flu shot?

The best time to get vaccinated is in October and November.  However, getting vaccinated in December or even later is still beneficial because most flu cases occur between late December and early March.

 

Additional Information

     Preventing the Flu: Good Health Habits Can Help Stop Germs

     * Cold vs. Flu Brochure: English | Spanish

     * The Flu: A guide for Parents:  English  Spanish

     * Frequently Asked Questions: English | Spanish

Riverside University Health System--Public Health
Immunization Program
Phone: (888) 246-1215
 PO Box 7600, Riverside, CA 92505